|[a] Calligraphic RF|
|[b] New Yorkie RF|
Sometimes it is featured on the right of the character, where we will find it in its "whole word" dictionary form (状, 獄, 獣, 献). Occasionally, it appears under a character part (獎). The vast majority of the time, though, it changes form and appears on the left-hand side (犯, 孤, 独, 猛, 猿, 獅, 狢). This beast changing forms is one of the biggest problems that Japanese language learners have as they enter their "intermediate" studies. The two faces of the dog (犬 and 犭) are "the same" in a dictionary sense. Start to notice it, and begin to see the copse for the sapplings, as well as the hair of the dog in a rich array of characters. It is not known whether a little egg in the diet will make the characters shinier.
|[c] Mammalian RF|
Chinese (Cantonese): hyun2
Japanese (Kun readings): いぬ inu
Selections from The New Nelson Japanese-English Character Dictionary.
犬小屋 いぬごや inugoya dog kennel (dog+small+abode)
犬死 いぬじ(に) inuji(ni) die in vain (dog+die)
犬泳ぎ いぬおよぎ inuoyogi dog paddle (dog+swim)
犬猫 いぬねこ inuneko cats and dogs (dog+cat)
犬合わせ いぬあわせ inua(wase) dog fight (dog+unite/link)
O.k., with the exception of "dog death," these are pretty straightforward, the way we usually begin in these Kanji Mastery posts. Let's take a look now at a few combinations that require at least one more imaginative step beyond the obvious (cats + dogs = cats and dogs).
犬侍 いぬざむらい inuzamurai depraved samurai (dog + samurai)
犬馬 けんば kenba my humble self (dog + horse)
犬猿 けんえん ken'en loggerheads, impasse (dog + monkey)
犬儒 けんじゅ kenju a highbrow scholar (dog + Confucian)
Let's wrap things up with a number of characters in which 犬 is "radical." You'll find it mostly on the left, but don't be tricked.
狂 キョウ KYOU lunatic; to go insane (狂する)
狡 コウ, ずるい、こすい KOU, zuru(i), kosu(i) crafty, cunning, sly
猥 ワイ, みだらな, みだりに WAI, mida(ra)na, mida(ri) ni licentious, lewd
獏 バク BAKU tapir
獣 ジュウ、けだもの、けもの JYUU, kedamono, kemono animal, beast
|[d] Wild beast RF|