|[a] Aesthetic(ally) challenge(d) RF|
|[b] Mortar coils RF|
*Follow these brief steps: a) "copy" the character 臼 b) click on the stroke order link here, c) paste 臼 into the search box and click "get diagram."
A further difficulty with regard to "mortar" is that it just is not very common (in the Japanese language, if not on the face of buildings). It may have been a key element—it is a "primitive," remember—in the brick and mortar linguistic crafting in early East Asia, but it appears in surprisingly few characters and combinations for all of that lifting and smoothing. You might want to think of the mortar fading softly into the larger picture of bricks that make up the Sino-Japanese script. For that reason, I am including in this post all of the listings in The New Nelson Japanese-English Character Dictionary. Such a list would not be possible with a radical such as 言, "speech," but "mortar" doesn't pack quite the breadth-wise punch of the major radicals.
|[c] Bricks and stuff RF|
Let's face it, "mortar" is a minor radical.
You might want to think of it as the Saul Alinsky of the language when compared to the Leon Trotsky-like radicals that dominate the written page (刀, 土, 大, 手, 日, 火, 目). Like Alinsky, though, "mortar" is serious about its work (Alinsky even wrote the book on radicals) even though it was never the subject of a fine Secretary of State's college senior thesis and a remarkably acerbic set of comments by a certain politician (née Newton Leroy McPherson) from the U.S. state ranked third in peach production. 臼 is like that. It doesn't appear often in the textbooks, but people can get surprisingly worked up—into a slather, actually—about it.
|[d] 舊 RF|
Chinese (Cantonese): kau5
Japanese (Kun): うす usu
Korean: 절구 구
Usu mortar. Nickname: Mortar.
KYUU; usu mortar, hand mill.
This post will be brief. Nelson's Japanese-English Dictionary only lists five combinations, and I have included all of them here.
臼石 うすいし usuishi millstone; burstone (mortar+stone)
臼挽 うすひ(き) usuhi(ki) milling; miller (mortar+pull/draw)
臼砲 キュウホウ kyuuhou mortar (mortar+ballista)
臼歯 キュウシ; うすば kyuushi; usuba molar (mortar+tooth)
臼歌 うすうた usuuta rice pounders' song (mortar+song)
舂 ショウ、うすつく SYOU, usutsu(ku) Pound a mortar; sink, set (sun)
與 ヨウ、あたえる YOU, atae(ru) Traditional form for 与 (N6)
舅 キュウ、しゅうと KYOU, syuuto Father-in-law
興 コウ、キョウ KOU, KYOU Interest, entertainment
舉 キョ、あげる、こぞる, etc KYO, age(ru), kozu(ru) Traditional form for 挙 (N2150)
舊 キュウ、ふるい KYUU, furu(i) Traditional form for 旧 (N2412)
|[e] Adhesive? RF|