|[a] Winding color RF|
|[b] Hue-cry RF|
|[c] Harmonizing RF|
Chinese (Cantonese): sik1
Japanese (Kun): いろ iro
Korean: 빛 색
|[e] Threads RF|
SHOKU, SHIKI color.
Iro color, tint, tinge; complexion; countenance, look; sensual pleasure; sweetheart; charms; fall colors; embellishment; slight concession; kind.
Iro(meku) color, be tinged, liven, become active, be stirred; begin to waver (in battle).
Iro(zuku) color, color up. Iro(ppoi), iro(mekashii) amorous, fascinating, seductive.
That's a handful, to say the least, and it is only the "header" definition. What follows is no fewer than eighty-five combinations with 色 beginning the word. We will start by definitions that deal straightforwardly with various colors of meaning before shading into more subtle definitions below.
色白 いろじろ irojiro light complexion; white (color+white)
色分 いろわけ irowa(ke) coloring; classfication (color+part)
色灯 しきとう shikitou colored lamp (color+lantern)
色絵 いろえ iroe color picture (color+image)
色絹 いろぎぬ iroginu colored silk (color+silk thread)
色摺 いろずり irozuri color printing (color+rub/print)
色様々の いろさまざまの irosamazama multicolored (color+same-same)
O.k. Those are some of the basic combinations. Let's add a little bit of love, dislike, and sensuality to the mix. Take a look at how these combinations contrast with those above.
色好 いろごのみ irogono(mi) sensuality, lust (love+attraction)
色目 いろめ irome amorous glance (love+eye)
色里 いろざと irozato red-light district (love+place)
色事 いろごと irogoto love affair/scene (love+affair/matter)
色恋 いろこい irokoi love, sentiment (love+in love)
色道 しきどう shikidou sexual passion (love+road)
色情 しきじょう shikijyou sexual passion; lust (love+passion)
色話 いろばなし irobanashi love story; love talk (love+talk)
色敵 いろがたき irogataki love rival (love+enemy)
色慾 しきよく shikiyoku sexual passion; lust (love+lust)
色魔 しきま shikima libertine, philanderer (love+demon)
|[f] Chromatic RF|
If you worked your way through the list, you surely saw that "color" shades into love...and more...in this word set. Remember that I have only given you a small sense of the range of words associated with 色. There are many more "color" words (such as dyed leather, 色革) and "love" phrases (such as sex mania, 色狂). Let's finish our look at combinations with even further distances beyond the love colors of this character. We'll look at a set of two- and three-character phrases that push the meaning a little further.
色消し いろけしな iroke(shi/shina) achromatism; prosaic (color+erase)
色気違い いろきちがい irokichiga(i) sex mania (love+air+contravene)
色収差 いろしゅうさ irosyuusa chromatic abberation (color+receive+difference)
色気付く いろけずく irokezu(ku) arrive at puberty (love+air+deliver)
色眼鏡 いろめがね iromegane colored glasses; prejudice (color+glasses)
色盛り いろざかり irozaka(ri) female maturity (love+abundance)
色即是空 しきこぜくう shikigozekuu the vanity of all things
This last phrase is a quintessentially Buddhist concept used in a wide variety of works throughout Japanese history. The characters denote a kind of chromatic/love vacuity that indicts everything (by extension) from elaborate dress and coiffure to sexual passion and even the love of worldly things.
艶 エン EN Luster, glaze, polish; charm. Many indigenous Japanese words are
also associated with this character, such as nama(meku) to be
charming, colorful, and of excellent quality.
艷 エン EN Traditional form of the character above.
|[g] Vibrant RF|