|[a] Unterwegs to Paradise RF|
On top of it all, it is the radical (止 + 一 = 正) in one of the most versatile characters in the Sino-Japanese lexicon. It can mean everything from "original" to "correct," and "genuine" to "moral." It is also (not the radical, but 正) a way of counting to five that is as handy as it is culturally specific. IIII followed by a slash is only one way of counting to five, and all you have to do is spend a little time at a dimsum restaurant in any city in the world to see how a big table with fifteen dishes would be computed before readying the bill for you:
|[b] Count enhance RF|
And finally, think "Foot." The character is really all about feet. Check it out on the etymological link below.
Chinese (Cantonese): zi2
Japanese (Kun readings):とまる tomaru; とめる tomeru; やめる yameru; ただ tada; とどまる todomaru; とどめる todomeru
Korean: 지 ji
|[c] とまれ RF|
SHI. to(maru) stop, halt, be interrupted, be discontinued; be choked; alight on, perch, roost; be held in position.
to(meru) stop; check; allay (pain); fasten; turn off; detain; forbid to do; dissuade.
todo(maru) stop, halt, stay, remain, stay behind; be limited to.
todo(meru) stop, cease, detain, put an end to; leave; fix; remain (in a certain condition); content oneself with.
ya(mu) end, stop, cease; subside, calm down, pass; die out, be extinguished; leave, go off; be abandoned.
ya(meru) end, discontinue; give up, abandon; abolish; resign, retire.
yo(su) stop, discontinue, give up.
sa(su) stop; leave something unfinished.
to(me) stopping; prohibition, end; a stop.
to(mare) halt, stop.
ya(mi), ya(me) end, discontinuance, stop.
yoshi stop, discontinue. todo(me) finishing blow.
to(mari) stop, stoppage; end, termination.
止木 と(まり)ぎ to(mari)gi roost, perch (stop + tree)
止水 しすい shisui still water (stop + water)
止血 しけつ shiketsu stopping bleeding (stop + blood)
止息 しそく shisoku stop to rest (stop + rest)
止宿 ししゅく shishuku lodging (stop + lodging)
As always in these posts, we have begun with easy-to-understand combinations. Stop and tree combine to create a "perch" (and I don't mean a small freshwater fish). Sometimes language and seemingly "predictable," at least in retrospect. As readers have seen in previous Kanji Mastery posts, though, it is not always easy, and it does not take long before a versatile character such as "stop" begins to take on wider ranges of meeting. Take a look at these combinations to get an idea of other ways this character is used.
止手 と(め)て to(me)te peacemaker (in a quarrel) (stop + hand)
止立 と(め)だ(て) to(me)da(te) check, stop, dissuade (stop + stand)
止間 や(み)ま ya(mi)ma lull (in a storm) (stop + in-between)
And then there are further extensions of meaning. The combinations begin to extend further and further...like life. That is why the study of language is always the study of language and culture.
止結 と(め)むす(び) to(me)musu(bi) overhand knot (stop + knot)
止難 や(み)がたい ya(mi)gatai compelling (stop + difficult)
Let's wrap things up with a number of characters in which 止 is "radical." You will see it appearing usually at the top, bottom, and left side (pronounced tome hen) of characters...but not on the right.
歴 れき reki history; continuation
歪 ワイ, エ; ひ(ず), ゆが(む) WAI, E; hi(zu), yuga(mu) crooked, bent, slanted
|[d] Prohibited (~止)! RF|