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Tuesday, November 27, 2012

Syllabic Cycles (1a)—Japanese History and Culture

One year ago on Round and Square (27 November 2011)—Hurtin' Country: What Mattered Most
Click here for the introduction to the Round and Square series "Syllabic Cycles"
[a] History...culture RF
 Japanese History and Culture
History 210 & Anthropology 275
Autumn 2012
TTh 12:00-2:00
Robert André LaFleur                                                             Office Hours:
Morse Ingersoll 111                                                                 Tuesday           4:00-5:30
363-2005                                                                                   Thursday         4:00-5:30                                                                    …or by appointment 

Required Books         
Benedict, Ruth. The Chrysanthemum and the Sword
Berry, Mary Elizabeth. Japan in Print
Bestor, Theodore. Neighborhood Tokyo
Bestor, Theodore. Tsukiji: The Fish Market at the Center of the World
Bix, Herbert. Hirohito and the Making of Modern Japan
Dower, John. Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II
Keene, Donald. Emperor of Japan: Meiji and His World, 1852-1912
Lu, David, Japan: A Documentary History
McCullough, Helen. Classical Japanese Prose: An Anthology
Ohnuki-Tierney, Emiko. Rice as Self: Japanese Identities Through Time
Rupp, Katherine. Gift-Giving in Japan
Souyri, Pierre François. The World Turned Upside Down
Varley, Paul. Japanese Culture
Hacker, Diana. A Pocket Style Manual.
All books are on library reserve

Course Description
This course will examine Japanese history and culture in the context of the wider East Asian world.  We will begin with early Japanese history and the influence of both Korea and China on early Japanese institutions.  We will then examine the development of Japan’s indigenous traditions during the Heian (794-1185), Kamakura (1185-1333), and Ashikaga (1336-1568) periods.  The second half of the course will deal with modern Japanese history and culture, paying equal attention to historical and ethnographic materials, and taking a careful look at the development of the Kanto and Kansai regions in modern Japanese history and culture.  Throughout the course we will use examples from the Japanese language—spoken phrases, the two major syllabaries (hiragana and katakana), and kanji, or Chinese characters—to analyze Japanese history and culture in linguistic context.

Language exercises                    5%    
Quizzes/attendance                   10%
Source Essay                             15%    
Midterm assignment                   25%
Final Exam                                 15%                            
Paper                                          30%    

Daily attendance and class participation are expected; absences during the semester will affect your grade. Late assignments will be penalized. 

History 210 & Anthropology 275
Japanese History and Culture
Autumn 2012
Week I              
Introduction: Language, History, and Culture
Tuesday, August 28
            McCullough, Classical Japanese Prose: 27-69                     
                        Tale of the Bamboo Cutter           
                        Tales of Ise
Thursday, August 30
            Varley, Japanese Culture: 1-18         
                   The Emergence of Japanese Civilization                    
            Lu, Japan: A Documentary History: 3-20
                        Amaterasu and Susano-o                                         
                        Okuninushi-no-Mikoto and Izumo                           
                        The Eastern Expedition of Emperor Jimmu             
                        From the History of Wei                          
                        Conquest of the Eastern Frontier…
                        From the Engishiki                                 
            McCullough, Classical Japanese Prose: 70-155                   
                        A Tosa Journal                                                                                      
                        The Gossamer Journal                             
Language Exercises Due by 5:00 p.m. on Friday, August 31st

Week II            
Nara and Heian Japan  (710-c. 1000)
Tuesday, September 4
            Varley, Japanese Culture: 19-76
                        The Introduction of Buddhism      
                        The Court at its Zenith                                        
            Lu, Japan: A Documentary History: 21-79
                        The  Seventeen  Article  Constitution, 604 AD
                        The  Reform  Edict  of  Taika, 646 AD      
                        The Administrative System, 718 AD         
                        The Law of the Households                      
                        Preface  to  Kojiki, 712 AD                      
                        From  the  Manyoshu                                          
                        Temmu’s Propagation of Buddhism, 676-685 AD    
                        Sutra of the Golden Light…                                 
                        Erection of Provincial Temples     
                        A  Parable  of  the  Burning  House                                   
                        Directions  to  the  Teachings  of  Three  Doctrines…
                        Ennin's  Diary  of  His  Pilgrimage  to  China
                        Statement  of  Opinion  on  Twelve  Matters, 914    
                        Regulations  Concerning  Trade  with  Pohai, 828   
                        Diary  of  Lady  Murasaki, 1008-1010                    
                        Observations  on  the  Heian  Capital, 982              
                        Daily  Observance, Last  Testamentt…                   
                        How  a  Priest  Put  the  Magic  Incantation
                        About  Aotsune  (Sir  Evergreen)                           
                        How  a  Sparrow  Repaid  Its  Debt  of  Gratitude                 
[b] Debt RF

Thursday, September 6
McCullough, Classical Japanese Prose: 156-250                 
    The Pillow Book of Sei Shonagon            
     A Tale of Flowering Fortunes                               
Language Exercises Due by 5:00 p.m. on Friday, September 7th

Week III         
 Late Heian and Early Kamakura Japan (c.1000-c.1200)
Tuesday, September 11
Souyri, The World Turned Upside Down: 1-100
   The Curtain Rises                                                          
    Social Dynamics of the Late Heian Period               
                        The Crisis in the Late Twelfth Century                  
                        Kamakura: The Warrior Regime                
                        Kamakura: A Society of Questions             
                        Kamakura: A Society in Transformation
Varley, Japanese Culture: 77-109
                        The Advent of a New Age                        
                        The Canons of Medieval Taste                  
Lu, Japan: A Documentary History: 81-116                                                                                      Allotment  Land  (Kubunden)…                            
                        Plan  to Cultivate  One  Million  Cho…    
                        Land  Held  for  Three  Generations…        
                        Private  Ownership  of  Reclaimed  Land, 743
                        Proscription  of  Private  Ownership  of  Land, 765   
                        Privilege  of  Tax  Immunity  (Fuyu), 951  and  953
                        Immunity  from  Entry  by  Public  Officials…        
                        Establishment  of  a  Shoen, 845, 920, and  1042     
                        Commendation  of  a  Shoen                                
Edict  to  Curtail  Spread  of  Shoen, 902
                        Provincial  Governors  Not  Permitted  to  Interfere…
                        Lands  Occupied  by  Private  Parties …                 
Emergence  of  Tato, 859  and 1091                       
                        Management  of  Shoen  by  Tato                          
                        Establishment  of  Myoden, 1000              
                        The  Kondei  System                                          
                        Proscription  Against  Heian  Nobility…                
                        Master  of  His  Retainers, 1114                            
                        Establishment  of  Relationship…                         
                        Rewarding  the  Vassals, 1180                              
                        Proclamation  of  Yorimoto's  Rule  over  Kanto…   
                        Establishment  of  the Samurai-dokoro, 1180                       
                        Building  for  Kumon-jo, 1184                             
                        Establishment  of  Monchu-jo, 1184                      
                        Appointment  of  Protectors and  Stewards…                       
                        Goseibai  Shikimoku--Formulary…                                   
Thursday, September 13
            McCullough, Classical Japanese Prose: 288-339     
                        The Confessions of Lady Nijo                               
Grammar Is Culture—Handouts
LaFleur, Rob’s Style Sheet, 1-26
Hacker, A Pocket Style Manual (selections)
Pinker, The Language Instinct (selections)
Wallace, Tense Present: Democracy, English, and the War over Usage, 39-58
Language Exercises Due by 5:00 p.m. on Friday, September 14th   

Week IV           
Kamakura and Ashikaga Japan (c. 1250-c. 1500)
Tuesday, September 18
Souyri, The World Turned Upside Down: 101-180
                        The Second Middle Ages                                     
                        Warriors, Pirates, Peasants, and Priests                  
                        The Splendor and Misery: Ashikaga and Trade
                        The Splendor and Misery: New Uprisings…           
Lu, Japan: A Documentary History: 117-179
                        Ojo  Yoshu, or  the  Essentials  of  Salvation                      
                        The  Ancients  Not  Necessarily  Our  Superiors      
                        Nembutsu  and  the  Founding  of  a  New  Sect      
                        The  Short  Letter  (Isshi  Koshosoku)                   
                        A  Catechism                                                     
                        On  the  Salvation  of  Women                             
                        Doubts  Expressed  by  a  Believer  of  Nembutsu..  
                        From  the  Tannisho                                           
                        Conversation  with  the  Master                            
                        Nichiren's  Letter  to  Lord  Nanjo                         
                        Efficacy  of  Simple-Hearted  Faith             
                        The  Lotus  of  Perfect  Truth                               
                        Buddhism  with  Japan  as  Its  Center       
                        Jito  Ukedokoro, 1308                                         
                        On  Matters  Relating  to  the  Annual  Rent..
                        Shitaji  Chubun, 1318                                         
                        The  Tokusei  Edict  of  Einin, 1297                     
                        Scribbling  on  the  Dry  River  Bed  of  Nijo
                        Kemmu  Shikimoku, 1336                                   
                        Appointment  of  Shugo, 1336                              
                        On  Matters  Relating  to  Shugo…                       
                        Increase in the Powers of the Shugo                       
                        Adoption of the Law of Sharing Rent, 1352             
                        Shugo-uke (Contract for Shugo), 1402        
                        Contrast Between the Prosperity of Samurai…         
                        Matters Relating to the Sale of Title Deeds to Fields
                        Sale of Hyakusho Shiki on Certain Fields, 1480      
                        A Covenant for the So (Village Governing Assoc.)…
                        Joint Petition by Farmers, 1407                            
                        Substitution of Money to Pay Taxes, 1353 
                        Determination of Equivalent Money Value for Rice   
                        Money Draft, 1468                                              
                        Land Owners and Pawnshops                                
                        Peasant Uprisings                                                           
                        Fighting for Tokusei, 1441                                              
                        Rise of Chi (Market) c. 1415                                
                        Disputes Between Two Za, 1405                           
                        Soryo System of Divided Patrimony                                  
                        A Deed of Transfer…, 1330                                  
                        Voluntary Renunciation of Inheritance, c. 1279        
                        Challenging  Traditional  Authority                                   
                        Seizure  of  Shoen                                               
                        The  Seventeen-Article  Injunction…                     
                        Hojo Soun’s  Twenty-One  Article  Injunction…
[c] Early RF

Thursday, September 20
Varley, Japanese Culture: 109-139
     The Canons of Medieval Taste (con’t)        
McCullough, Classical Japanese Prose: 340-421     
     Journal of the Sixteenth Night Moon          
     An Account of My Hermitage                
     Essays in Idleness
Language Exercises Due by 5:00 p.m. on Friday, September 21st
Week V            
Warring States (Sengoku) and Early Tokugawa Japan (c. 1450-c. 1700)
Tuesday, September 25
Souyri, The World Turned Upside Down: 181-218
                      The Sengoku Period                                           
                      The Sengoku Period: Warlords Seeking Power
Lu, Japan: A Documentary History: 180-228                                    
                        Takeda  Shingen’s  Control  of  Kai, 1547                       
                        The  Hundred  Article  Code  of  Chosokabe, 1597   
                        Compulsory  Military  Service  Decreed  by..          
                        Nobunga’s  Destruction  of  Hieizan, 1571              
                        Removal  of  Barriers, 1568                                  
                        Free  Market  and  Abolition  of  Za, 1577              
                        Collection  of  Swords, 1588                                
                        Toyotomi  Hideyoshi’s  Vermilion  Seal  Letter…
                        Nagamasa  on  Cadastral  Survey, 1590                  
                        Cadastral  Survey, 1598                                       
                        Census-Taking, 1591                                          
                        Edict  on  Change  of  Status, 1591                                   
                        Control  of  Daimyo, 1595                                   
                        Control  of  Mt. Koya, 1585                                 
                        Limitation  on  the  Propagation  of  Christianity…  
                        Expulsion  of  the  Missionaries, 1587                   
                        St. Francis  Xavier’s  View  of  Japanese, c. 1550    
                        Cosme de Torres  on  Japanese  Receptivity, c. 1550
                        Alessandro Valignano  on  Japanese  Prudence…      
                        Alessandro Valignano  on  Patience  and…             
                        Alessandro Valignano  on  Sensual  Vices…           
                        Joao Rodrigues  on  Japanese  Craftiness, c. 1610
                        Oath  of  Fealty                                      
                        Laws  of  Military  Households, 1615                    
                        Amendments  of  Kanei  to  Buke  Shohatto, 1635   
                        The  Group  of  Five, 1632                                  
                        Farmers  and  Annual  Tax, 1603                          
                        Sale  of  Land  in  Perpetuity  Forbidden, 1643        
                        Proscription  of  Parcelization  of  Land, 1672          
                        Injunctions  for  Peasants, c. 1619                         
                        Regulations  for  Villagers, 1643                           
                        Regulations  for  the  Residents  of  Edo, 1655        
                        Regulations  Regarding  Lawsuits, 1633                 
                        Regulations  for  Temples  in  Different  Domains    
                        The  Edict of 1635  Ordering  the  Closing of  Japan 
                        Completion  of  the  Exclusion, 1639                     
                        The  Fate  of  the  Embassy  from  Macau…            
                        Renouncing  the  Kirishitan, 1645                         
                        Of  the  Dutch  Trade  in  Japan, 1692                    
Thursday, September 27
            Varley, Japanese Culture: 140-204
                        The Country Unified                                           
                        The Flourishing of a Bourgeois Culture                  
Lu, Japan: A Documentary History: 243-303
                       Natural Order and Social Order
                       On the Unity of Shinto and Confucianism
                       Nakae Toju on Filial Piety
                       Ito Jinsai’s Daily Observance
                       The Heaven-Appointed Duty of Subjects
                       Proposal for Employing Men of Talent
                       Tokugawa Justice Under Confucian Precepts
                       Education of Children
                       From Hidden Behind Leaves
                       The Beginning of Dutch Studies in Japan
                       Japan’s Creation by Amaterasu
                        Excerpts from the Outline of the Ancient Way (Kodo Taiji)
                        Luxurious Living of Samurai, 1816
                        Corruption of Samurai, 1855
                        Family Budget of a Hatamo, 1845
                        Decline in Samurai Morale, 1796
                        Economic Conditions in Edo and in the Countryside, 1798
                        Tax Burdens Suffered by Farmers, 1781
                        Oshio Heihachiro’s Manifesto, 1837
                        Tokugawa Nariaki to Bakufu, 14 August 1853
                        Ii Naosuke to Bakufu, 1 October 1853
                        The Treaty of Amity and Commerce Between the United States and Japan, 1858
                        Excerpts from the Overseas Diary of Lord Muragaki, 1860
                        Recollection of Tamamushi Sadaifu, 1860
                        The Succession Dispute, Yoshinobu vs. Iemochi, 1858
                        Choshu-han’s Reforms of the Ansei Period, 1858
                        Yoshida Shoin’s Prison Letter, 1856
                        Sakamoto Ryoma’s Eight-Point Program, 1867
                        Letter of Saigo and Okubo on the Imperial Restoration, 1867 
Source Paper Due in my Office (MI 111)
By 5:00 p.m. on Monday, October 1st
Week VI          
Tokugawa Japan (c. 1600- c. 1800)
Tuesday, October 2
Berry, Japan in Print: 1-103
     A Traveling Clerk Goes to the Bookstores
     The Library of Public Information
     Maps are Strange
Thursday, October 4
            Berry, Japan in Print: 104-252
                        Blood Right and Merit
                        The Freedom and the City
                        Cultural Custody, Cultural Literacy
            Language Exercises Due by 5:00 p.m. on Friday, October 5th

Week VII        
Contemporary Japanese Culture I—Gifts and Exchange
Tuesday, October 9
            Rupp, Gift-Giving in Japan
                        Examples of Giving
                        Strength of Relationship, Gratitude, and Hierarchy
                        Life Cycles
Thursday, October 11
            Rupp, Gift-Giving in Japan
                        Seasonal Cycles
                        Variations in Attitudes toward and Practices of Giving
            Language Exercises Due by 5:00 p.m. on Friday, October 12th

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